Holocaust Survivors and Remembrance Project: "Forget You Not"™
preserving the past to protect the future ...

 

 


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The Holocaust

Chronolgy of Historical Events
that led to the Holocaust, from the Nazis rise to power in 1933 to their defeat in 1945.
 

Please use the scroll bar at the bottom of the page to view all the information to the right.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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1933

 

1935

 

1938

 

1939

 

1940

 

1941

 

1942

 

1945

 


JANUARY

The Nazi Party takes power in Germany, Hitler becomes Chancellor.

FEBRUARY
Nazis "temporarily restrict" civil liberties for all citizens - never to be restored.

MARCH
The concentration camp at Dachau is established.

MAY
Trade unions are closed. Books declared contrary to Nazi beliefs are publicly burned.

 

 


SEPTEMBER

The German Government enacts the Nuremburg Laws - codifying the "racial" definition of Jews depriving them of citizenship and fundamental rights.

The Nazis intensify persecution of political dissidents and others considered "inferior" including Romanies ("Gypsies"), Jehovah's Witnesses, and homosexuals. Many are sent to concentration camps.

 


JULY
The Evian Conference: delegates from 32 countries are gathered at an international conference called by Franklin D. Roosevelt in Évian-Les Bains, a small French spa on Lake Geneva. Their purpose was to discuss the plight of the growing number of Jewish refugees who were fleeing Hitler's Europe. Germany has boycotted the conference, but secretly arranged to send an unofficial representative as Hitler wanted to sell his Jews to the nations of the world, for $250 per person, or $1,000 a family.

NOVEMBER
Kristallnacht: "the Night of Broken Glass." Nazis attack Jews throughout Germany - 30,000 Jews arrested. 91 Jews killed. &,500 shops and businesses looted. More than 1,000 synagogues set afire.

Jewish children are expelled from public schools.

DECEMBER
Nazis seize control of Jewish owned businesses.

 


SEPTEMBER

Germany invades Poland. World War II begins. Nazis order Polish Jews into restricted ghettos and force them into slave labor.

OCTOBER
Hitler orders the so-called "Euthanasia" program leading to the systematic murder of the mentally and physically disabled in Germany and Austria.

 


FEBRUARY

Nazis begin deporting German Jews to Poland.

DECEMBER
Nazis begin the first mass murder of Jews at Treblinka

 


JUNE

Germany attack the Society Union. Mobile killing units begin the systematic slaughter of Jews.

SEPTEMBER
In two days, mobile killing units shoot 33,771 Ukranian Jews at Babi Yar - the largest single massacre of the Holocaust.

DECEMBER
The death camp at Chelmno begins operation.

 


JANUARY
Wannsee Conference - The Nazis coordinate the "final Solution" - a plan to kill all European Jews through mass exterminations.

Six death camps equipped with gas chambers soon begin full scale operation in Poland: Majdanek, Chelmno, Sobibor, Treblinka, Belzec, and Auschewitz -Birkenau.

During peak operations, thousands of people a day are murdered in these death factories.

 


MAY

U.S. and Allied forces defeat the Nazis and liberate the remaining concentration camp survivors.

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 Principal Source: New England Holocaust Memorial in Boston, Massachusetts, USA.